Gingival Recession

 In Dental Care

What is the Gingival Recession?

Gingival or gum recession is a process in which the gum recedes or pulls back itself; so more of the teeth appear whereas in a healthy gum these parts of the teeth, possibly teeth roots, should be hidden under the gum tissue. This gap causes bacteria to grow there and create a layer of plaque. This process is gingivitis. Gingivitis is one step before the gingival recession. It’s a condition that gums become inflammatory and if it is not taken care of, the gum tissue and the teeth structure can be damaged and finally lead to tooth loss.

The process of gingival recession happens gradually and slowly and it’s a common issue among many people. The first symptom is sometimes sensitive teeth or abnormal length of the teeth when the person looks carefully in the mirror. This looks like notches around gumlines. 

It’s very important that once you notice it, you visit your dentist to avoid further recession. This is an issue that shouldn’t be ignored because the gum recession cannot heal itself. Make an appointment at Amazing Smile Dental to perfectly cure this condition.

What Causes Gingival Recession?

Gingival recession can be caused by several factors such as the following:

Periodontal Diseases

Gum disease is the primary cause of receding gum in that the gum tissue holding the teeth is infected and damaged by bacteria.

Genes

No matter how well you take care of your teeth or gum, there is nothing you can do when it comes to genes. Some people are, unfortunately, more prone to gum disease due to inherited factors such as teeth position and gum thickness.

Harsh Tooth Brushing

If you brush your teeth aggressively or not rightly i.e. horizontally, the enamel on the teeth would be gone gradually and gum recession happens. As most people are right-handed the problem of receding gums interestingly happens more to the left side of the mouth also more on the sides than the front part of the mouth because these areas are brushed vigorously.

Inadequate Dental Care

Not enough flossing or forceful flossing, insufficient brushing merely once a day with a hard-bristled toothbrush, or underusing antibacterial mouthwash create hard substances on your teeth which are called tartar. In this case, the teeth should be cleaned by an expert. This can be done professionally at Amazing Smile Dental. If tartar is not removed, it can also lead to gingival recession.

Fluctuation of Hormones

This is mostly related to women when during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause, the sensitivity and vulnerability of gum tissue would reach its peak.

Psychiatric Disorders 

This happens mostly in children who dig their nails or sharp objects into their gums, highly interrelated to self-inflicted trauma.

Vitamin C deficiency

Scurvy is the acute condition that happens when the patient lacks dietary vitamin c.

Piercing

Tooth piercingPiercing on the tongue or lip that causes rubbing and friction also may lead to gum recession.

Symptoms and Signs of Gingival Recession

As receding gum is a progressive condition the gradual change of the teeth length and the notches around the gumline compared to its normal situation isn’t noticed visually; therefore, in most cases, it is most recognizable at age 40 or above when it might be too late.

Loose or oversensitive teeth, visible teeth roots, yellowish color of the teeth, and in some cases gingivitis that inflames gums leading to bleeding when flossing or brushing are other factors contributing to gum recession.

How to Treat Gingival Recession?

Refer to a specialist in periodontics; the periodontist will examine your gums and recommend what to do if no treatment is needed. That is to say, you may only need to take some preventive measures such as using desensitizing agents. These agents help the nerves of teeth roots so that you can brush easily.

Another option is to apply some composite to cover your teeth roots or a pink composite to cover and fill the gaps of receded gums.

In severe cases, your dentist would perform periodontal plastic surgery. In this operation, the new gum tissue is regenerated; however, based on the patients’ preference conscious sedation may or may not be applied. Local anesthesia is applied so that a part of the patient’s palate or the roof of the mouth, the reposition of adjacent gum tissue, or material from a donated human skin allograft covers the impaired part. This process is called gingival grafting.

To see what treatment suits you the best you can contact us at Amazing Smile Dental. 

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